As you will be aware by now, the first part of the first ever UK Electric Universe Conference is to be held in Bath. We chose this location mainly for
aesthetic and practical reasons but it turns out there may also be a direct connection with the new paradigm of Electric Geology. A good introduction
to this subject is remarkable series of three lectures by Andrew Hall, beginning with 'Electrical Discharges carved the American Southwest' [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecDDczEogR0].
Hall contends that the Canyons of America, not to mention those strange pinnacles and mesas, made so famous in Westerns, are not the result of wind
and water erosion but are evidence of massive electrical storms on a scale incomprehensible to us today. The electrical force is extremely powerful
and quite capable of raising mountains or alternatively, carving away the surface of the earth itself, leaving only fragments in the form of standing
pinnacles or domes. We shall be exploring some of these ideas during our 'travel' day (Monday 9 July) when, among other things, we will visit Cheddar
Gorge. This is, of course, a mini Canyon and it is less than 20 miles from Bath. If, like me, you are an advocate of the Electric Universe paradigm,
then you will recognise that the gorge is evidence for electrical sculpting taking place in the Bath area. However what I want to discuss today is
Bath itself and the hidden evidence that it too experienced some sort of electrical activity in the past. Before we do this, I first want to review
the traditional history for the founding of Bath.
As you probably know, Bath is famous for its hot, mineral springs. These never run dry and are the reason why the Romans took such an interest in the city.
The bath-house they built is still intact. Even though it is no longer in use, it is still a major tourist attraction. They called the city 'Aquae
Sulis' and if you read the tourist literature you will be told, wrongly, that this is because the Romans worshipped a goddess called Sulis Minerva.
Her image is iconic and if you visit Bath you will be told that she was a local goddess. Actually this is completely wrong. 'Sul' (or alternatively
'Sil') is a variant on the name 'Sol'. This was not a goddess at all but rather the Roman Sun-god. Thus the city's name, Aquae Sulis, means 'Waters
of the Sun-god'. They called it this because they regarded the hot springs as being a gift from Sul.
So where then does 'Sulis Minerva' fit in? Well if you read Julius Caesar's de bello Gallica ('Concerning the Gallic Wars'), there are a couple
of chapters devoted to his two attempted invasions of Britain, in 55 and 54 BC. From Caesar we learn that the Druidic religion, though practised in
Gaul, came from Britain. The Gauls and Britons worshipped a pantheon of gods, to whom Caesar attributes Roman names. Among these is Minerva: the Roman
name for the Greek goddess Athene. From various Welsh documents we know that this goddess was called Awe or Ave by the Britons, (pronounced 'Aue' as
the letter 'u' was then written as a 'v'). Like Athene, Awe was a goddess associated with light, intelligence, wisdom and poesy. The symbol of Awen
was written /I\ which represents the three shadows cast by a station stone at dawn, midday and sunset. These lines also represent the vowels 'I', 'O'
and 'U'. However these could also be written 'J', 'O' nd 'V', i.e. 'JOV'. This word, the name of God, and was never to be spoken aloud. JOV is, of
course, the same root name as the Roman Jove or Jupiter, the latter being an abbreviation of Jove-Piter, meaning God the Father. In this sense the
Symbol of Awen was the unpronounceable name of the Celtic Father-God. It sprangs out of sunlight like Minerva (Athene) emerging fully armed from the
head of her father Jove (Zeus). This is the core of Druidic worship, as practised at Stonehenge, Avebury and many other stone circles. Although she
had a shrine at Bath from long before the arrival of the Romans, Sulis Minerva (Awe) was not a local goddess but universal.
So how did this pre-Roman shrine come about? Well unbeknownst to most people, the history of ancient Britain that we are taught in school—the history
which is preached to us in nearly all popular books and TV documentaries—is a modern invention. In origin it dates only from the early days of
the 18th century, taking over completely in the mid-19th century. Before that there was another history, one which today no academic dares to so much
as mention lest he be taken for a crank. This is the Welsh history of Britain. It forms the basis of Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain.
This was first published in Latin in 1136. Although modern scholars dismiss this as pure fabrication, Geoffrey tells us he merely made a flowery translation
of a very old Welsh book, which had been handed to him by his superior: Walter the Archdeacon of Oxford. As they were both senior clerics, (Geoffrey
was later made a Bishop) and the book was dedicated to Robert the Consul, the most powerful baron in Britain, it seems unlikely he was telling lies.
Furthermore, the book he translated still exist. Known as the Brut Tysisilio, there are several versions of it. So while Geoffrey's History
no doubt contains exaggerations, it deserves to be taken rather more seriously than it is. In particular the light it throws on the founding of the
City of Bath.
According to Geoffrey (and many other Welsh sources) Britain is named after Brutus (in Welsh Brwth), who came to the island a couple of generations
after the Trojan war. He founded the first dynasty of kings (beginning with himself), the tenth king being callled Bladud (Blaiddyd). The
legend of Bladud (which curiously Geoffrey leaves out) is that he contracted leprosy while studying in Athens. Disfigured by the disease, he was disqualified
from inheriting the crown. Instead he retreated from public life to the Avon Valley where he lived as a swine herd. While in the vicinity of what would
later become Bath, he noticed that the pigs enjoyed rolling in hot mud. To his surprise this seemed to heal one of them of a skin complaint that had
been troubling him. Accordingly, Bladud tried rolling in the mud himself and this cured him of his leprosy. Thus healed he was able to become king
and in gratitude built a shrine to Minerva on the site of the hot springs. Thereafter people of all stations came to Bath for the healing of ailments
and so it grew into a major city even in Pre-Roman times.
Of the healing properties of Bath's hot springs there is no doubt. It contains a large number of minerals including Magnesium Sulphate. Commonly referred
to as Epsom salt, this is a very important element in the body and frequently deficient. Absorbing Magnesium through the skin helps a lot with energy
metabolism and also in alleviating arthritis. However what makes Bath's water exceptional is the fact that it is hot. Why this is is a matter of debate.
There are, of course, hot springs or geysers in other parts of the world, notably Iceland, New Zealand and Yellowstone Park in the USA. However in
all these cases the hot water is associated with volcanism. There are no volcanoes in Britain, so exactly what is it that causes Bath's water to be
so hot? It is generally reckoned that the water we see emerging from the springs has come up from a depth of 2 miles or more below the surface. Here
the crust is hot, bringing the temperature of cold water up to some 69˚C.. The water flows upwards, through natural tubes, at a constant rate of over
a million litres per day. The temperature drops to about 45˚C by the time the water reaches the surface as natural springs: perfect for a hot bath.
Just how the natural plumbing that links the surface with the below ground reservoir was made remains a mystery. However I think the Electric Universe
paradigm could hold the answer. Beneath Bath is a layer of carboniferous limestone, which is naturally porous and can therefore hold water in aquafers.
this water will contain dissolved salts and is electrically conductive. It is not impossible that at some time when there was an up-rush of electrical
charge from inside the earth moving to the outside. The exact mechanism for this is not clear but could be connected with plasma discharges in the
atmosphere above Bath. This could be the same kind of electrical event that caused the formation of Cheddar Gorge some twenty miles south of Bath.
If the current was strong enough it could pass through all the layers of limestone leaving behind connecting pipes between the surface and the reservoir
of water two miles beneath the surface. The result would be a spring, not dissimilar in many ways to an oil well only pouring out water instead of
oil.Now I don't know if this is what actually happened but it is a plausible theory. I would be interested to hear what other people have to say on